Fundamentals of designing any website is HTML and CSS. So here I will be describing what is html and CSS, what is their need and how can we use them.
What is html?
Html: html stands for hypertext markup language . Hypertext is a text displayed on the computer screen with the references to other texts which the user can immediately access. Markup refers to the sequence of symbols that you insert at certain place in text processing file to indicate how the file should look when it is displayed. Markup indicators are called “tags”.
So html is a language which is used to create a website with the help of tags . we use angular brackets “<>”to write tags. “<>”this is used for opening a tag and “>” is used to close the tags. There are so many tags available in html which we can use according to our need for example, heading tag, paragraph tag , table tag, anchor tag, image tag, list tag , form tag and so on .
Brief description of the html tags:
Heading tag : Heading tag , as the name suggests , is a tag used to write heading . There are different heading tags such as h1, h2, h3………..h6. h1 heading tag is the largest i. e if you use h1 tag then you will get a largest heading . h2 tag is second largest , h3 is smaller than h2 ,h4 is smaller than h3 and h5 is smaller than h4 and h6 is the smallest of all .
Table tag: table tag is obviously used to create tables , tables have rows and columns .To create a table we use
|(table data) in the following syntax:
The above example will result in a table with columns first- name , last-name and e mail id .
Anchor tag: anchor tag is a tag which is used to link one page to another page. href attribute is used in this tag to define the address (URL ) of the page to which the page is to be linked . Syntax: link test.
Image tag: This is very interesting tag of the html which is used to retrieve image . we can pick any image from any folder in our system and use it in our code to make our website more presentable . Adding images to the website makes it more attractive.
(1) ordered list: ordered list is a sequence of information stored in a proper sequence . ordered lists are also known as numbered list.